What can you make through baking?
Bread, cakes, pastries and pies, tarts, quiches, cookies and crackers. It’s also used for baked potatoes, baked apples, baked beans, some casseroles and pasta dishes such as lasagna, and lots more. My mum is a doctor and she told me that it’s very interesting that unlike other cooking methods, baking does not alter the nutritional information of the food item. Frying, sauteeing, grilling, etc. all change the fat and calorie content of the food. That’s why people like Walkers have introduced healthy “baked” crisps.
Where did it all begin?
Ancient civilisations used to mash up grain with water and heat this on hot rocks….however, my research tells me that it was the Romans who were the first expert bakers. In about 300 BC, the pastry cook became an occupation for Romans (known as the pastillarium). This became a respected profession because pastries were often cooked for large banquets. Because of Rome, the art of baking became known throughout Europe, and eventually spread to the eastern parts of Asia.
The spread of bakers through history!
There were 326 bakers in Rome during the reign of Augustus. The ‘Census of Manufacturers of 1850′ reported a total of 2,027 bakeries in the United States. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, there are 183,000 Bakers working in the United States (2006)